Professor Kaye graduated from The University of Melbourne in 1973, and subsequently trained in Neurosurgery at The Royal Melbourne Hospital and The Royal Children’s Hospital in Melbourne. He undertook further neurosurgery training in Oxford, London and at The Cleveland Clinic. On returning to Australia in 1983 he was appointed Neurosurgeon at The Royal Melbourne Hospital, and commenced research into neuro-oncology at the Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research. He was appointed Professor of Neurosurgery at The University of Melbourne in 1992, and the James Stewart Professor of Surgery and Head of the Department of Surgery at The University of Melbourne, Royal Melbourne Hospital in 1997. He is the Head of the Department of Neurosurgery at The Royal Melbourne Hospital. For the past ten years he has been the Chairman of the Board of Examiners for final year Medicine at the Faculty of Medicine, Dentistry and Health Sciences at The University of Melbourne. In 2010 he was appointed by the New Zealand Government to Chair the Board of the New Zealand South Island Neurosurgery Service.
His main clinical and research interest involves neuro-oncology and cerebrovascular disease. In 1992 he was awarded the John Mitchell Crouch Fellowship by the Royal Australasian College of Surgeons, and in 1997 was appointed the Sir Arthur Sims Commonwealth Travelling Professor. In 2003 the American Association of Neurological Surgeons honoured him with the Ronald Bittner Award for contributions to the treatment of brain tumours and in 2006 the Paul Bucy Award for his contribution to neurosurgery education. In 2004 he presented the Sir John Eccles Lecture at the Australian Neuroscience Society.
In 2010 he was awarded the Medal of Honour from the World Federation of Neurosurgical Societies for ...”outstanding contribution to neurosurgery..”
He was awarded the Commonwealth of Australia Centenary Medal in 2003 and Order of Australia in 2004