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PROF Stephen Graham


  • International Health, Infectious Diseases, Paediatrics



  • Steve Graham is Professor of International Child Health with University of Melbourne. He joined the Centre for International Child Health in the Department of Paediatrics in 2008. He is a paediatrician with clinical and research experience in resource-limited settings in the African and Asia-Pacific regions. Prior to the current appointment in Melbourne, Steve worked in Malawi, with the College of Medicine from 1995 until 2007, and was Deputy Director of the Malawi-Liverpool-Wellcome Trust Clinical Research Programme from 2001 until 2007. Research activities have included studies of pneumonia, HIV, invasive bacterial disease especially non-typhoidal Salmonellae, tuberculosis and neonatal sepsis. The main focus of his current research is the epidemiology, prevention and management of tuberculosis, including multi-drug resistant tuberculosis, in children and adolescents. Steve has been the recipient of multiple research grants, and he has authored or co-authored over 250 peer-reviewed publications. Steve is particularly interested in working with disease control programmes in improving guidelines for evidence-based practice and in improving implementation of such guidelines. He is particularly recognised for his global leadership to increase attention to tuberculosis in children and has worked with numerous National TB Programmes in Africa and Asia-Pacific. He is lead author of WHO's Guidance for management of TB in children. Steve was a founding member and was Chair (2011-7) of the WHO and Stop TB Partnership's Child and Adolescent TB Working Group, and member of the Strategic and Technical Advisory Group on TB for WHO. He was awarded the Karel Styblo Public Health Prize for services to child TB in 2015. Steve also works part-time for the Burnet Institute as Senior Principal Research Fellow on TB and is child TB and lung health consultant for IUATLD (The Union) providing technical assistance, expertise and support in operational research in many countries.   


Member of

  • European Society of Pediatric Infectious Diseases. Member 2006 -
  • Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. Member 1998 -
  • International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease. Board Member 1996 -
  • Australian Conservation Foundation. Member 1988 -


Selected publications


Investigator on

Additional Grant Information

  • NHMRC, Australia, 2019. Ending Tuberculosis. A cluster RCT of community-wide universal testing and treatment for latent TB infection in high prevalence settings. Project Grant 1165636. (CIE) IIE Research Investment Funding, Murdoch Children’s Research Institute, 2019. Understanding the needs of adolescents with tuberculosis in the Asia-Pacific region. (Co-I) NHMRC, Australia, 2018. Centre of Research Excellence in Tuberculosis Control on both sides of our border. CRE Grant 1153493 (CIE) Indo-Pacific Centre for Health Security, DFAT, Australia, 2018. Stronger health systems for multi-drug resistant tuberculosis and malaria. Grant 1152867 (CIB) John Burge Trust Fund 2018. Implementation of screening and management of household contacts of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis cases in Mongolia (PI) NHMRC, Australia, 2018. Understanding the socio-cultural dimensions of tuberculosis in Papua New Guinea: knowledge to optimise public health solutions. Project Grant 1142715. (CIB) NHMRC, Australia, 2018. Biomarkers for the diagnosis of childhood TB: validation in a high TB prevalence setting. Project grant 1142043. (CID) DFAT, 2016. Addressing newborn, child and adolescent health challenges through operational research (Asia, Pacific). (PI) NHMRC, Australia, 2016. Strengthening regional research collaboration in the prevention and containment of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis and malaria. AUD 2,000,000 (CIB) NHMRC, Australia, 2016. Improving health outcomes in the tropical north: a multidisciplinary collaboration. AUD (CIJ) The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, 2015. The Childhood Acute Illness and Nutrition Network (CHAIN): Building the evidence base for care of acutely ill, undernourished children in limited resource settings. (Co-I) ELMA Foundation, 2014. DETECT TB – child TB diagnosis, treatment and prevention. (Co-PI)   


Education and training

  • PhD, University of Amsterdam 2010
  • DTCH, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine 1998
  • MBBS, University of Sydney 1981

Awards and honors

  • Karel Styblo Public Health Prize, International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, 2015
  • for distinguished contribution to tropical medicine, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, 2007
  • Fellow of the Royal Australasian College of Physicians, 1992



Available for supervision

  • Y